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Many people wonder what proppants are, why they exist and what they are made of. It is very important to know as much about proppants as possible. After all they can play a very important role in certain people’s lives as well as in certain professions. If you still do not know what a proppants is then there it goes! A proppant is a specific type of solid material in small particles and that manage to be strong enough to keep as many kinds of fractures propped open in the hydrocarbon formations, during or after an induced hydraulic fracturing treatment. The proppants are very important because they play the role of propping that is why they have such name. These propping agents are very important and can be found in a few different ways. We will go about 3 of the main kinds of proppants and we will also understand why they are used.
Silica Sand Proppants – one of the most important and common types of proppants
Silica sand comes from weathered quartz, which happens to be one of the most natural mineral on our planet. It is commonly found in the continental area, which means there are plenty of options for those who would like to have silica and sand. Silica sand is a kind of sand that is very different from the beach sand that we are used to – in fact the silica sand is much smoother, thin and delicate when compared to the average beach sand that most people are used to. The silica sand is much smoother because of the round and also spherical shape of the sand grains and also because of the particularly smaller size of each particle that makes silica sand actually exists.
It is important to understand that the quality of the silica sand will directly depends on the yield from the sand deposit and also on the processing efficiency that it went through while being created. One of the most common uses of the silica sand goes for the high volume slickwater fracturing of the unconventional horizontal gas wells.
Resin Coated Proppants
This is another very common type of proppant used by humans today. The resin coated proppants have several different purposes, and they are among the most efficient options today. This is a good way to distribute the pressure load in a much more uniform way, making the mesh effective strong. It is a must to trap parts of the proppant, called the fines, broken and below the high down hole pressure area. This will prevent the fines from going to the borehole and decreasing the productivity. It is possible to bond each and every particle so that they do not cause the flow back when under intense pressure and also high temperatures.
Ceramic proppants are made out of either the non-metallurgical bauxite or made of kaolin clay. They are perfect because of their rounder shape, spherical to be more precise and also size that can withstand the highest levels of downhole pressure. For those who do not know the Bauxite is an aluminum ore from which happens to create the aluminum that we all know about. Kaolin is mineral clay which also happens to have aluminum on its composition, but it is not at an ore grade level yet. Thanks to a process called sintering both of the materials have the opportunity to achieve superior strength characteristics that make the whole substance much better.Read more on Ceramic Pricing by clicking here
Before it is possible to sintering, the ceramic material is crushed into small little pieces that are as big as a molecule, pelletized and sieved into specifically sized particles. Sintering occurs while in high-temperature kilns that bake the particles to reduce the water contents and therefore also change their molecular structure, making them become much more spherical and more uniformly dense to serve the process much better.
The bottom line
It is very good to understand how important the proppants are because they can serve companies and professionals much better. They are very important and come in different materials and also sizes. The more you know about such proppants the easier it is going to be to find the exact proppant that will be able to serve you and your business much better.Read more information about the Density of Ceramic Proppant by clicking here
Tips to read more!
If you would like to know much more about proppants then you should definitely go online and read the following website http://www.coast2coastceramics.com/what-is-a-proppant.php. You will certainly find it very useful for your life and profession.